Three Rules For Sketching Outstanding Three-Dimensional Drawings

Published: 22nd April 2009
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Even experienced creative persons occasionally have a hard time when crafting naturalistic three-dimensional pictures. Of course they know the basic concepts and produce naturalistic drawings instinctively. But occasionally yet the most skilled find parts in their work that appear distorted and unnatural.

For beginners it is yet harder, they've to practice hard to move up a steep learning curve. It's well-known that good drawing abilities are the result of hard exercising. Instead knowing the three most crucial principles of third-dimensional drawing can make your life easier . They will be a shortcut to better drawing abilities and help even adept draftsmen to pinpoint elements that need a makeover.

So what causes a picture look realistic and third-dimensional? There are three principles that add to the naturalistic outlook of your drawings. Each of them has to be understood thoroughly. Collectively they guarantee outstanding outcomes:

* Composition

* Perspective

* Lighting and Shadows


Does composition really add to the three-dimensional appearance of your drawings? Naturally! The three-dimensional outlook of any picture is strongly influenced by the relationships connecting the different elements inside the picture. You can produce an image with elements that all follow the rules of perspective and have ideally composed illumination and dark parts. But a weak composition will cripple most of the three-dimensional effect.

There is just one crucial composition law: let your picture's elements overlap! Frequently I see beginning artists avoiding to let elements in their pictures overlap , because they fear to ruin it completely.

Indisputable - if your picture has many intersecting parts it is more difficult to depict. There are more dark parts also perspective and dimensions of the elements must be a great deal more exact.

That's demanding sure enough. Closely arranged elements in your picture will uncover all weak points. On the other hand when you manage to get the perspective, illumination and shadows proper, a closer arrangement will beef up the three-dimensional effect.

So have courage to arrange your picture's elements closer together. Let them overlap and show how good you can draw them following the principles of three-dimensional drawings.


Producing a drawing using accurate perspective is the moment where a little bit math is necessary. Do not worry - no complicated formulas, just drawing some additional lines.

When producing a picture with the rules of perspective in mind you make sure that:

* your drawing's elements have the proper dimensions and size

* your drawing's elements have the proper distortion according to the viewer's distance

* your drawing's elements are correlating correctly to one another

All this is achieved by employing one small law:

" Objects and parts of them grow smaller the further they're away."

This law can't be stressed enough. If you fail to apply it correctly, your pictures will appear distorted and awkwardly. So drawing some additional lines will allow you to apply this law correctly.

Light and Shadow

The proper illumination and shading is the 3rd important principle for naturalistic looking three-dimensional scenes. It's for the lights in your drawings that shadows appear. And shadows are necessary for a truthful looking drawing - except you depict "gray rainy day" scenes only.

To create naturalistic shadows there are some facts you have to keep in mind:

* you must recognize where the illumination comes from

* so you can find out the proper size of the shadow

* the proper angle and direction for the shadow

* and the proper shape of the shadow

Unluckily naturalistic dark shades are not that comfortable to create. But there are some useful tricks. Just in this moment I'm working on a tutorial revealing these techniques stepwise. It'll emerge here soon.

This is just a first sketch of my conceptions on learning perspective drawing.

You find updates, a comment area and realistic drawing tutorials on my Website.

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